When it comes to the point of presenting your dissertation results and discussing them you may be a little confused how to do this and so many of us are when we first do it. You should prepare what you want to look over in this chapter and more significantly, what you want to identify as significant results, patterns and focus from the primary research data you have collected.
You will want to plan what you say, because you will want to know what to cover in this chapter. This stage isn’t to include 200 or so graphs, figures and charts, but to establish an understanding of the data and say what it means. Therefore, you may not want to include all of the questions that you did ask in your research, but refer to the specific ones that gave you the most meaning.
You may think that there will be too much information to be included in this section, but would like to refer to a number of extra and supporting graphs and charts that should be touched on in the dissertation research, this is where you will decide whether to move something to the appendices and refer to it from inside the chapter. You will most certainly want to move any example letters or questionnaires and even transcripts to the appendices so that the reader is able to see the ‘evidence’ to ensure that your understanding in this chapter is valid and reliable and that you simply haven’t been making it up.
There are a number of ways in which you can present your resources which could be: by the hypothesis; by research questions, ones that you may have set out in the introduction and literature review; by research method, identifying what was learnt and the significant resulting data from each of the methods used; in chronological order, so looking at the pretests and actual tests and looking at the different phases; by variability, if there are critical variable to the study then you may choose to use these to set out your results.
You should always include an introduction and first paragraph in your results and discussion and then progress through in a logical manner. Don’t forget to refer to arguments that you did present in previous parts of your dissertation as this will show your overall understanding that you have about the research process. You will need to present some discussion and this should be evaluative in nature to make sure that this section fully contributes to your dissertation research paper.