Dissertation Conclusion and Recommendations

The final stage and chapter in your dissertation research paper is the conclusion and this is where you’re most likely going to be making recommendations, whether these be for future research, a government body or a corporations.

These recommendations probably won’t form an additional chapter in your research paper as they come after concluding summary.


What does this chapter contain?

The key area here is to understand that this chapter concludes (ends) your dissertation. You aren’t offering conclusions here, as these are already provided to the reader throughout the other various chapters in your work.

There are differences between a ‘conclusion’ and ‘conclusions’. How? A conclusion is just what you’re writing about in this chapter: what did you set out to accomplish (hypothesis/hypotheses), what did you do (research data), how did you do it (methodology), what did you find out (data analyses).

Conclusions, on the other hand, are made throughout your paper. Such as whether a hypothesis was proven right or wrong, or whether your data collection method was proven correct, valid and reliable, etc.

The most important part of this chapter is to not introduce anything new. It cannot do that. You must use it as a summary-type chapter that brings the paper to a close.


Keep in Mind

When you’re concluding the different parts of your dissertation project, keep in mind that the reader should be reading a snapshot of the different aspects contained in your research of the project and the key findings that were realized and identified.

You should also review each stage. Check that you’ve noted what has happened and explain why, in brief. However, be conscious that this chapter should be clean and crisp, and you should deliver your points to the reader (your supervisor/marker) in the best possible way: straight to the point.





What is included in the Chapter?

It might be advisable to break the chapter down into a number of subsections. (You wouldn’t actually create the sub-headings though.):



Introduce the chapter to the reader – just as you have with the others (remember: signposts in your paper are good points of reference and help the reader) – and include such things as “…this chapter will review and summarize the dissertation research, identify the main methods used and discuss their implications in the study” or similar. Note that you shouldn’t copy this word-for-word, but it gives you an understanding.


Problem Statement and Methodology

In this part you will be presenting the problem statement as you have presented it in the first chapter (what was the problem and what did you want to achieve). You should then review the methodology, in detail, but without repeating anything that you have already said.

You don’t want to draw on in this part and you should get right to the point, but you will need to understand that you will need to review the methodology so that it provides enough information to the reader about the methodology so that they don’t have to go and read this chapter independently.


Results of Summary

You should keep this section brief and identify the result with a general statement paragraph which it then followed by another paragraph that supports the evidence collected. You should avoid interpretation here and thus be objective about the results.


Discussion of Results

You should discuss the meaning of the results here, in brief, and highlight any important areas that you have identified. You should also look at the different things that the study means and how this is evaluated to the overall understanding in your dissertation.



These could be to your employer or to the academic community. You will want to keep this section brief and maybe to one paragraph or two, and explain what, from the research that has been conducted, there will be recommendations to the organizations or, if you are presenting to academia, then what further research should be conducted in the future.


After you have seen the above it may become clear that it isn’t overly hard to establish the different parts of this chapter to round off your dissertation.



18 thoughts on “Dissertation Conclusion and Recommendations

    1. Abdirisk,

      You are welcome. It’s always good to see that even one unversity/college students gets a helping hand from the content that I’ve written. Some people do say that the conclusions and recommendations section really do make or break a dissertation research paper and I believe this to be so true – if you have strong arguments throughout your paper but then don’t bring them together to a neat, meaningful and compelling close, then your dissertation supervisor could end up feeling as though you could have done more. This results in the effect that you receive a lower mark for your work and could miss out on a higher grade and thus classification.

      Oh, and good luck. Jane.

  1. please help me with my study
    to be honest i really dont know how to make a research paper its my first time rather so can you help me how to make recommendation and background of the study my topic is about SAFETY PRATICES AND USES OF MECHANICAL TOOLS thank u for advance

  2. Thanks for your contribution for helping mankind in the best way you think you can positively contribute. I wish you are remembered for your kindness at all times. What you have contributed could send relief and comfort to millions of candidates who see some steps in research work as cloudy space which may take quite a lot of time to clear for navigation. But with someone like you out there, nursing the feelings of others’ likely difficulties, and then provide this piece, I say more grease to your elbow and God bless you all the time of your life.

  3. this is great, it has really help me in writing my project work. God should add more knowledge to what u have and continue to help others to write their research work. thank u very much and keep it up

  4. Thanks dear Jane for this page. This is my first time of writing a project and I’m writing on . “Menace Of Computer Crime”. But I have some problems writing the recommendation and reverence part. Please I need your help. Thanks a lot.

  5. Thank you so much for your time and effort! Brilliantly written.

    So refreshing to know there’s people out ther who actually genuinely want kt help xx

    1. You’re welcome, Ammarah.

      I’m currently looking to add a lot more resources and helpful advice to Dissta. Thank you for your kind words and I hope some of the information you have read here will help you in your time in academia.

  6. Thank you very much. This article was very helpful. I was writing my final year dissertation. Doing BSc in business computing with IT. I was stucked on the conclusion and i went online to do some research. I found a couple things but believe me or not, when i read your article, wow it was like open door to heaven lol. Thanks guy.
    I do really appreciate thatand it means a lot to me that people like you are out there to help.
    Great job.


  7. I enjoyed this, however my conclusion and recommendation section must be 2500 words and you have recommended to keep it short and brief in all of the sections meaning I cannot possibly extend the word count to such a figure?

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