The final stage and chapter in your dissertation research paper is the conclusion and this is where you’re most likely going to be making recommendations, whether these be for future research, a government body or a corporations.
These recommendations probably won’t form an additional chapter in your research paper as they come after concluding summary.
What does this chapter contain?
The key area here is to understand that this chapter concludes (ends) your dissertation. You aren’t offering conclusions here, as these are already provided to the reader throughout the other various chapters in your work.
There are differences between a ‘conclusion’ and ‘conclusions’. How? A conclusion is just what you’re writing about in this chapter: what did you set out to accomplish (hypothesis/hypotheses), what did you do (research data), how did you do it (methodology), what did you find out (data analyses).
Conclusions, on the other hand, are made throughout your paper. Such as whether a hypothesis was proven right or wrong, or whether your data collection method was proven correct, valid and reliable, etc.
The most important part of this chapter is to not introduce anything new. It cannot do that. You must use it as a summary-type chapter that brings the paper to a close.
Keep in Mind
When you’re concluding the different parts of your dissertation project, keep in mind that the reader should be reading a snapshot of the different aspects contained in your research of the project and the key findings that were realized and identified.
You should also review each stage. Check that you’ve noted what has happened and explain why, in brief. However, be conscious that this chapter should be clean and crisp, and you should deliver your points to the reader (your supervisor/marker) in the best possible way: straight to the point.
What is included in the Chapter?
It might be advisable to break the chapter down into a number of subsections. (You wouldn’t actually create the sub-headings though.):
Introduce the chapter to the reader – just as you have with the others (remember: signposts in your paper are good points of reference and help the reader) – and include such things as “…this chapter will review and summarize the dissertation research, identify the main methods used and discuss their implications in the study” or similar. Note that you shouldn’t copy this word-for-word, but it gives you an understanding.
Problem Statement and Methodology
In this part you will be presenting the problem statement as you have presented it in the first chapter (what was the problem and what did you want to achieve). You should then review the methodology, in detail, but without repeating anything that you have already said.
You don’t want to draw on in this part and you should get right to the point, but you will need to understand that you will need to review the methodology so that it provides enough information to the reader about the methodology so that they don’t have to go and read this chapter independently.
Results of Summary
You should keep this section brief and identify the result with a general statement paragraph which it then followed by another paragraph that supports the evidence collected. You should avoid interpretation here and thus be objective about the results.
Discussion of Results
You should discuss the meaning of the results here, in brief, and highlight any important areas that you have identified. You should also look at the different things that the study means and how this is evaluated to the overall understanding in your dissertation.
These could be to your employer or to the academic community. You will want to keep this section brief and maybe to one paragraph or two, and explain what, from the research that has been conducted, there will be recommendations to the organizations or, if you are presenting to academia, then what further research should be conducted in the future.
After you have seen the above it may become clear that it isn’t overly hard to establish the different parts of this chapter to round off your dissertation.